Site Development Plan
Central site development and site investigation
The year 2017 marked a system change in the field of offshore wind energy. Since then, the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) has been responsible for the development and site investigation of areas for the construction and operation of offshore wind energy on the basis of the Wind Energy at Sea Act (WindSeeG) in an overall planning process.
The so-called central model describes a successive planning, tendering and permitting process. In the first step, the areas for offshore wind energy are designated spatially and temporally in the Site Development Plan (FEP). The next step in the process is the site investigation of the areas defined in the FEP. After the site investigation has been carried out, the areas are auctioned off in a competitive procedure by the Federal Network Agency by making the results of the site investigations available to the bidders. The bidder who has been awarded a contract can erect wind turbines on the investigated site after passing the approval procedure, is entitled to the market premium and may use the connection capacity of the offshore grid connection.
The Site Development Plan 2019
The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) has issued the Site Development Plan 2019 (FEP 2019) in accordance with §§ 4ff. WindSeeG and the Environmental Reports for the North Sea and Baltic Sea of the strategic environmental assessment on 28 June 2019. The English translation of the documents can be found on this website in the right-handed column.
The FEP 2019 mainly contains the following designations:
- areas for offshore wind energy turbines (15 Gigawatt until 2030)
- sites in the areas to be tendered
- the likely amount of capacity of offshore wind energy installations to be installed in the areas
- sites for platforms
- routes or corridors for offshore grid connections, for transboundary grid connections and for possible connections between the offshore installations
- gates where the offshore grid connections cross the border between the exclusive economic zone and the territorial sea
- standard technology and planning principles.
The FEP 2019 determines the order in which the sites are to be auctioned by the Federal Network Agency, including the respective calendar years of the auctions. In addition, the calendar years of commissioning of the offshore wind energy turbines and the corresponding offshore grid connectins are determined.
The scope of application of the FEP relates primarily to the German exclusive economic zone of the North Sea and Baltic Sea. On the basis of an administrative agreement between BSH and the federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, it also contains spatial designations for the territorial sea.
Overview of the preperation procedures for the Site Development Plan 2019
At the beginning of March 2018, the BSH publicly announced the initiation and expected completion of the preparation procedure for the Site Development Plan. The preliminary draft of the FEP and the drafts of the investigation framework were consulted from the end of May to mid-June 2018. A hearing on the (preliminary) draft documents and the statement of the Transmission System Operators took place on 27 June 2018. This meeting was also the scoping meeting persuant to the provisions of the Law on Environmental Impact Assessment.
The investigation frameworks for the preparation of the drafts of the environmental reports for the North Sea and Baltic Sea were established.
On the basis of the results of the early consultation and the hearing, the draft Site Development Plan and the drafts of the environmental reports were prepared. Authorities whose tasks are affected had the opportunity to comment on the draft documents. The public also had the opportunity to comment on the draft documents. On 31 January 2019 a hearing took place on the draft documents, the comments and statements. During the period from the beginning to mid-May 2019, public authorities and the public again had the opportunity to comment on the changes that have occurred since the publication of the draft Site Development Plan and the draft environmental reports. On the basis of the results of the participation of the authorities and the public, the Site Development Plan 2019 was established and the strategic environmental assessment was carried out. The statements and comments were taken into account.
Further information on the national process and consultation can be found here.
The spatial designations of the Site Development Plan 2019 are also published as a web feature service in the GeoSeaPortal.
The international consultation on the draft of the Site Development Plan and the drafts of the environmental reports was launched at the end of January 2019. Authorities and the public in the countries bordering the North Sea and the Baltic Sea had the opportunity to comment on the draft documents by 25 March 2019.
The consultation documents, the summary of the draft of the Site Development Plan 2019 and the summary of the drafts of the environmental reports for the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, and further information on the international consultation can be found here:
The comments and statements from this consultation in the original language and the German translation:
The English translation of the FEP 2019 and the environmental reports for the North Sea and Baltic Sea of the strategic environmental assessment can be found on this website in the right-handed column.