Exclusive Economic Zone
The German waters in the North and Baltic Seas consist of the 12 nautical
mile zone (so-called territorial sea) and the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
The German territorial sea is under the jurisdiction of the Federal coastal
states. The area seaward of the 12 mile zone, which extends maximally 200 nm
from the coastline, is the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which borders on the
high seas. In the area of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, the German EEZ is largely
identical with the German continental shelf, which is the sea floor extending
for some 200 nautical miles from the coastline. In the Baltic Sea, the German
EEZ is much smaller than in the North Sea because it is limited by the EEZs
of neighbouring states.
German EEZ in the North Sea
German EEZ in the Baltic Sea